In addition to Coronary Artery disease (CAD), Neurological disorders, Asthma & other respiratory diseases, air pollution has been found responsible for the rising irregularity in the menstrual cycle in teenage girls of age 14 years to 18 years & longer time periods to achieve regularity. This study is the first of its kind, led by a researcher of Indian genesis.
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As stated by the researchers, air pollution can affect the menstrual cycle of the girls in early adulthood. Well documented disorders also include infertility, metabolic syndrome and polycystic ovary syndrome.
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Q: How does menstrual irregularity affect an individual’s health?
A: The menstrual cycle is responsive to hormonal change. Particulate matter in air pollution has demonstrated hormonal activity.
Q: How the relation between air pollution & menstrual cycle was established?
A: The researchers used health and location data gathered in the Nurses’ Health Study 2 plus air pollution exposure metrics from the EPA air quality monitoring system to understand a participants’ exposure during a time window.
“While air pollution exposures have been linked to cardiovascular and pulmonary disease, this study suggests there may be other systems, such as the reproductive endocrine system, that are affected as well,” said corresponding author Shruthi Mahalingaiah, MD, MS, assistant professor of obstetrics and gynecology at Boston University School of Medicine and a physician in obstetrics and gynecology at Boston Medical Center.